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The agriculture is the sector which uses the water resources of a country mostly (more than 70% in Italy).
Irrigation is the most important factor in agriculture because it ensures the greatest increase in quantity and quality in production, more of the same treatments adopted for the soil and plants. The design is the key to obtain an efficient irrigation system and maximize the productivity of the harvest.
The micro and sprinkler irrigation are the most spread technics of irrigation. Particularly the microirrigation is able to reach the greatest benefits in terms of efficiency, water saving and agricultural productivity.
But this advanced technique has an Achilles' tendon: it needs careful and rigorous design for irrigation systems. In order to obtain the maximum benefit for irrigation, it’s absolutely necessary that the water reaches the plants uniformly. Today, too often, the irrigation systems have low quality and this brings the following consequences:
- excess of water and fertilizers in some parts and lack in other ones
- various growth conditions of crop, different for size, maturation and quality of fruits (with issues for harvesting)
- under or over sizing of pipes.